Friday, 5 September 2014

Kirkwall, the capital of the Orkney Islands - 'not bloody' anymore.



This quaint northern town is surely linked to the Ultima Thule fever in victorian era. The greek explorator's route must have passed nearby. The roman Agricola, who then ruled over Britain, sailed round the island and saw 'Thule'. The Faroese Islands? the Norwegian coast? Or the scottish northern islands ?

Under the governor Agricola, around the first century,

"It was then that a Roman fleet for the first time circumnavigated this coast of the remotest sea and established that Britain is in fact an island. Then too it discovered the islands, hitherto unknown, which are called the Orcades (Orkneys) (...) Thule, too, was sighted by our men, but no more; their orders took them no farther."

The Romans did place Ultima Thule in these parts - the hyperboreans of Thule were Picts - and Thule meant for them the end of the world and the beginning of the unknown, as for us is deep space beyond stars and galaxies, today.


Kirkwall (from the Old Norse Kirkjuvagr - meaning 'Church Inlet' ) is the biggest town and capital of Orkney Islands, off the coast of northern Scotland.

The town is first mentioned in Orkneyinga saga in the year 1046, as the residence of the Earl of Orkney.

Kirkwall is a port with ferry services to Aberdeen and Lerwick.

The colorful seafront and harbour.

Coordinates: 58.9° N, 2.9° W
Population  : ~ 8 500


The Town Hall, on Broad Street.

The stylish Broad Sreet.

Left of the Town Hall, the 'Orkney Island Knitwear' shop, a tourist's favourite.


The town centre is around  Bridge Street, Albert Street and Victoria Street.

Old houses on the left, with gable-end chimney over the street frontage.

Those were 17th and 18th century houses of wealthy merchants.

The music shop, Bridge Street.

The 'Little Island' gift shop, Albert Street

'Orkney Soap', Albert Street

'The Orcadian' bookshop, Albert Street



The Big Tree of Kirkwall

Much of Orkney is treeless. Trees are scarce at this latitude; but a capital town like Kirkwall couldn't do without one, so a single tree was left from an old garden to decorate Albert Street.

The Big Tree in Kirkwall was said to be the largest tree in Orkney. This lone sycamore is thought to be around 200 years old, and its condition is rather poor presently.


At the heart of the town, between Albert Street and Victoria Street, stands

St. Magnus Cathedral.


This is the one unmissable landmark in town.

It is the most northerly cathedral in the British Isles, a fine example of medieval Norman-Romanesque architecture, when the islands were ruled by the Norse Earls of Orkney


The Saint Magnus Cathedral  was founded in 1137 by the Viking Earl Rognvald, in memory of Saint Magnus Erlendsson.


This superb medieval cathedral is built of red and white sandstone.


The interior vaulting and the massive pillars are fine examples of Norman architecture.



Sandstone of different origins create a pattern giving a polychrome effect.


The church had Gothic later additions, like the rose windows from the 13th  and 15th centuries and some of the door arches.

South end rose window.


The transept window


West front main door, with a beautiful red-and-white pattern on the Gothic pointed arch.


South transept door.

The Orkney Museum

The Tankerness House Museum, in one of Scotland's best-preserved sixteenth century houses, is mainly visited for the Pictish and Viking collections. It opened as a museum in 1968.


The Orkney Museum, in Broad Street, tells the story of Orkney, from the Stone Age through the Picts and Vikings times to the present day.

Scar Dragon Plaque:
This exquisite Viking plaque is made of whalebone. Plaques like these were probably used for linen smoothing.

Pictish stone, in the Orkney Museum.

As for seating and having something warmly served, cafés or tea rooms are easy to find in downtown Kirkwall.

The Strynd tea room.

Scone with jam and cream.


The Café Lucano on Victoria street:


A touch of modern Kirkwall.



Of course, there are several pubs too, some in historic houses.

---------------


This bloody town's a bloody cuss —
No bloody trains, no bloody bus,
And no one cares for bloody us,
In bloody Orkney


The bloody roads are bloody bad,
The bloody folks are bloody mad,
They'd make the brightest bloody sad
In bloody Orkney.


Everything's so bloody dear,
A bloody bob for bloody beer,
And is it good, - no bloody fear,
In bloody Orkney. 


No bloody sport, no bloody games,
No bloody fun; the bloody dames
Won't even give their bloody names,
In bloody Orkney.


Best bloody place is bloody bed,
With bloody ice on bloody head,
You might as well be bloody dead,
In bloody Orkney.


Captain Hamish Blair, 1940